Descriptive Statistics of Dataset
The purposes of this European Parliament data, and the ensuing (elementary) analysis of some of the key findings contained within the dataset, is to provide a resource for those interested in exploring some of the policy dimensions at play in dealing with data on the European Parliament, and more particularly the voting records of the European Parliament. All of this data is sourced from the Parltrack website, and a full list of data sources is available here.
You can download the full dataset used for these plots by using the button below.
Level of MEP Support by Policy Area
In the chart below I have sought to show how support for bills breaks down across a number of diverse policy areas, on hovering over particular points it is also possible to see the type of vote. The support axis refers to the overall support for a particular bill (MEPs who voted for a bill vs MEPs who voted against a bill). Here the objective was to explore the degree of partisanship which perhaps exists around particular policy areas.
Level of MEP Support by Vote Type (Procedure)
Building on the plot above, this chart is another way to represent MEP support for bills, this time instead of being sorted by policy area, they are instead sorted according to the types of votes. The objective, similar to the one above, is also to explore whether there is a degree of partisanship surrounding particular types of votes.
MEP Support by Required Votes for Bill
This plot sought to explore the turnout of MEPs on bills by the number of required voters for a bill, as can be seen quite clearly, there is little in the way of widespread abstentions, or ‘no-shows’ of MEPs on bills within the European Parliament.
MEP Turnout by Result
While not the most visually appealing chart as the Y axis is dichotomously coded, this plot does seek to explore whether MEP turnout is a decisive factor in whether a bill in likely to pass, as can be seen, that while bills not passing require a high degree of turnout, the same cannot be said of those bills which do pass.
MEP Turnout by Policy Area & Type of Vote
While very similar to the first plot, this plot instead looks at the differing types of procedure used to bring a bill to a vote, and also looks at it’s level of support.
Level of Rebellion of MEP’s
In this plot, I explore how the level of rebellion (as expressed by MEPs rebelling from their party/grouping line), on a particular bill, the lower the score, the more likely an MEP was to rebel from their party/grouping line. On the X axis, I have also included data on the number of MEPs who voted on the bill, I did this as I assumed that the more voters, the more contentious a bill would be and therefore the more likely an MEP was to rebel.