Contextualising Corruption

Contextualising Corruption for Research

Corruption has long faced a complex definitional and conceptual challenge with regards to how the phenomenon should be understood (Saha et al., 2012). For a long time, this definitional problem remained focused on how corruption…

Effectiveness of International Treaties

The Effectiveness of International Treaties

The growth in international treaties and conventions were not, however, a panacea, and Khaghaghordyan (2014, p. 149) states that, through ratification, although states make an explicit and legally binding commitment, “there is no guarantee that…

International Treaties and Corruption

International Treaties and Corruption

International efforts to combat corruption can be understood as being a largely U.S. driven response to a series of scandals during the 1970s, such as the Watergate scandal in 1972, and perhaps more relevantly to…

Corruption Perception Index

Corruption Perception Index – An outline

The Corruption Perception Index (CPI) was developed by Dr Johann Graf Lambsdorff for Transparency International in 1995 (Lambsdorff, 2005). The CPI emerged during the corruption eruption as a response to the need for a measurement…

The Development of the United Nations Convention against…

The development of the United Nations Convention against Corruption was a lengthy process, which began in December 1989, following an interregional seminar hosted by the Government of the Netherlands in the Hague. Following this seminar,…